CCUS – developing and validating the technologies needed for Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage

Jan  Boyesen

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CCUS - fangst, lagring og anvendelse af CO2 forside

CCUS – developing and validating the technologies needed for Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage


Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage (CCUS) is a key element in the Danish national ambition to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emission by 70 percent by 2030 compared to 1990. Both the government and companies in Denmark are therefore investing heavily in creating a new CCS value chain to capture and store more than 3 MPTA of CO2 by 2030 and furthermore CCU to produce large volumes of synthetic e-fuels through Power-to-X technologies and thereby reduce emissions of GHG from industries that otherwise are hard to abate.

Danish Technological Institute helps to develop, mature, and implement current and next generation CCUS technologies to increase efficiency and scalability as well as reduce costs and thereby support a fast implementation.

How can Danish Technological Institute help?

Danish Technological Institution (DTI) plays a prominent role in bridging the latest research with the need for new technology that supports decarbonization of the Danish industry.

DTI has more than 70 different test and laboratory facilities and 50 specialized competence centers which help our customers with a range of services that build on expert knowledge within energy, materials, transport, and environmental technologies.

Online map of Carbon Capture Utilization and Storage activities in Denmark

An increasing number of companies, knowledge institutions, authorities, organizations and initiatives are active within carbon capture utilization and storage in Denmark. The development is going very fast with large investments being made. Danish Technological Institute has therefore made the first online map which gives an overview of the activities to support a fast development of CCUS in Denmark.


We provide strategic consulting on:

  • Technical due diligence and risk assessment of CCUS projects
  • Maturity assessment of CCUS solutions and suppliers
  • CCUS technology roadmaps
  • Identification of market and new business opportunities within CCUS


CCUS - identifying CCUS technologies 190pxIdentifying the right Carbon Capture technology

Selecting and implementing the best capture plant can be a challenge, as there are different methods with varying efficiency and technical suitability depending on the source of emission.
Some of the challenges relate to assessing the operating and capital costs, especially when it comes to scaling, while others are technical and relate to issues such as the need for pre-treatment of the flue gas and how to optimize operations. Mapping the environmental impacts, such as emissions of hazardous chemicals as well as the long-term sustainability of the capture installation are also key parameters. DTI has extensive technical knowledge and a systematic approach to identifying and assessing the different parameters to be included when selecting and implementing carbon capture technology for individual point sources.


Carbon Capture Lab at DTIPilot plant for testing CO2 capture technology

Danish Technological Institute has opened Denmark's first flexible test facility for testing CO2 capture technologies from biomass burning. The facility can generate between 100-2000 m3 of flue gas per hour with a content of between 8-12% CO2. The test facility is an open platform where emitters and technology developers can test innovative CCUS technologies and processes under industrial conditions and get help with further development and scaling up of solutions.


CCUS - CO2 reactor 190pxMaterial testing for CO2 

Selecting materials for CCUS applications presents several challenges due to the corrosive nature of CO2, high pressures required, and wide temperature conditions, as well as the need for long-term durability and cost-effectiveness. DTI has state-of-the-art laboratories to test how liquid CO2 affects materials such as metals and plastics in different environments and conditions. This includes testing facilities for high pressures and temperatures, as well as simulation of various industrial processes used in the entire CCUS value chain. The results can help develop and implement materials and coatings that are resistant to liquid and gaseous CO2, ensuring that the equipment and processes are safe, efficient, and durable.

In relation to materials testing, DTI provides:

  • Test of corrosion and lifetime of materials and surfaces
  • Measurements of leakages 
  • Permeability of CO2 through materials 
  • Exposure to liquid CO2 at different pressures and temperatures
  • Gas analyses
  • Characterization of materials
  • CE approval of equipment 
  • Testing of catalytic processes


Video: Testing materials for transport and storage of CO2 (English subtitles are available in the video)


CCUS - Risk Assessment 190pxAssessing and reducing technology risk 

DTI provides independent expert advice within CCUS that build on detailed assessment of the technical design, performance data, and track record of the individual components and solutions. This may involve critical review of reports, patents, and other technical documents, as well as conducting interviews with the technology providers. Risk assessments cover areas such as the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) of the CCUS technology and can also involve pilot and demonstration activities to evaluate the results and lessons learned. The assessments can provide insights into the performance and reliability of the technology under real-world conditions and reduce technology risk.


CCUS - monitoring 190pxMonitoring, Measurement and Verification (MMV) of CO2 storage sites

DTI is leading the field of developing and implementing technological solutions for monitoring of potential leaks from onshore and offshore CO2 storage sites. We deliver consultancy regarding choice of technology, develop new solutions and design monitoring programs based on the needs of individual customers and storage sites.

It is important to ensure and document that the CO2 stored in the subsurface during CCS projects will remain down there in the future. Therefore, national and European authorities have implemented strict regulation regarding the short- and long-term monitoring of CO2 storage sites. In practice, the implementation of complying monitoring programs can be both difficult and costly, and it is important to choose the best possible technology and Monitoring, Measurement and Verification strategy. 

In relation to monitoring of geological CO2 storage, DTI provides

  • Technology- and market screening based on the needs of the individual storage site
  • Development, integration, adaptation and implementation of technological solutions
  • Design of monitoring strategy
  • Overview and consultancy regarding rules and regulation in Denmark

At DTI, we stay at the front of the field of monitoring and risk mitigation of CO2 storage sites by strategic participation in R&D projects, continuous development of competences, and a continuous dialogue with private and public stakeholders.

Certification and Inspection

Carbon capture facilities must be CE marked and may be subject to the provisions of the Machinery Directive, Pressure Equipment Directive, and ATEX Directives. At DTI, we specialize in identifying legal requirements related to these directives and guiding you safely through the CE marking process. Furthermore, we can assist in obtaining certification and issuing certificates through Dancert.

CCUS Research & Development projects

Danish Technological Institute is involved in the following projects within the CCUS field:

What is CCUS?

CCUS is an acronym for Carbon Capture, Storage and Utilization, i.e. the capture, storage and utilization of CO2.CCUS UK graphic